With many countries increasingly transitioning toward a renewable energy future, many cities are displaying what can be termed as a solar skyline. In many US cities, especially those blessed with yearlong, abundant sunshine, solar panel-adorned rooftops have become a common sight on residential and commercial buildings. At a glance, these bluish arrays appear to be quite simple, but once you delve deep, you know that what goes into their making are rather intriguing. What meets the eye as rooftop solar panels are just the solar cells, and they represent just one side of the coin. There are several other components, namely the inverter, battery, and distributor, that work together to help the panels function. All these components work in unison to turn sunlight into usable electricity. If you are contemplating a solar panel installation for your home or office, you might want to know what functions each specific component performs. Here is a brief description of each element:
PV Cells: Made of silicon, PV cells are the building blocks of a solar system. These small wafer-like units are designed to absorb sunlight and turn sunlight into electricity.
PV Modules: Also known as photovoltaic panels, PV modules are nothing but a collection of PV cells fixed into a frame. You can either mount them on roofs or install them over open ground space.
Inverters: The solar cells produce direct current (DC), a type of electricity that is not suitable for running most of your home appliances. Your appliances need the alternating current (AC) to run, and an inverter helps you with that. It transforms the solar cells’ DC into usable AC, thus powering up your home.
Batteries: On the sunny days, your solar panels may produce more energy than you actually need. Thanks to the batteries, you can store all of it. Although it’s not compulsory that you add the batteries to your system, doing so would help you to reduce your dependence on the traditional utility grid.
Charge Regulators: If you are using batteries with your PV arrays, you will have to install this module. Also known as charge controllers, these solar system components help to control sudden bouts of energy surge by regulating the amount of energy that travels between the PV panels and their corresponding battery banks.
A basic idea about the solar system architecture will help you plan your rooftop solar installation accurately. If you need further assistance regarding cost estimation and other aspects, contact us today. From selection to execution, our experts can help you with every aspect of your solar journey.